Gaining protein and fat from mostly animal-based foods has been linked to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a type of diabetes that occurs among women during pregnancy.
In the past, research involving diabetes and diet has shown that diets low in carbohydrates may aid gestational diabetic patients (diabetes during pregnancy) in controlling their blood sugar.
A study published in the Diabetes care journal aimed to understand the relationship between a diet low in carbohydrates and the development of type 2 diabetes among women with a history of GDM over a period of several years.
The researchers observed that a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes was associated with diets where protein and fat intake mostly came from animal-based foods. They also noted an association between diets where protein and fat were mostly consumed through eating plant-based foods and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
In summary, the researchers have shown that women with earlier GDM diagnoses and those who gain most of their protein and fat from animal-based foods are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
Citation: Bao, W., Li, S., Chavarro, J. E., Tobias, D. K., Zhu, Y., Hu, F. B., & Zhang, C. (2016). Low carbohydrate–diet scores and long-term risk of type 2 diabetes among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study. Diabetes care, 39(1), 43-49.
Written by Melissa Booker