Heart Disease

Atrial Fibrillation May Be Associated with Increased Risk of Heart Disease, Kidney Disease and Death – September 28, 2016


 A new study finds a link between having a fast, irregular heartbeat and the risk of developing heart disease, kidney disease, and death.   Heart arrhythmia is a condition where the heart beats quickly and at irregular intervals.  The most common form of arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation, where there is an irregular blood flow through…


Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone Inhibitors May Provide Cardioprotection – September 28, 2016


 Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone inhibitors have shown to promote cardioprotection by reducing superoxide production and the level of stress in the endoplasmic reticulum in coronary artery cells. These effects are important to maintain vascular integrity.   Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) or mineralocorticoid receptor blockers may inhibit the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS,…

Cardiac Surgery

Risk of Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery – September 28, 2016


 A recent study in JAMA Pediatrics sought to assess long-term kidney outcomes in patients who had pediatric cardiac surgery, and whether acute kidney injury (AKI) was associated with worse long-term kidney outcomes. It was determined that while hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) were common in patients, AKI was not associated with these complications. Researchers…


Standing Desks in Schools May Help Fight Childhood Obesity – September 28, 2016


 A two-year study among elementary school children shows a decrease in body mass index percentile for students using standing desks instead of sitting desks.   In recent decades, childhood obesity has become a serious concern for health care practitioners and policymakers alike.  Although some data suggests that the increase in rates of childhood obesity may…

Peripheral Artery Disease

Guidelines for Diagnosing and Treating Peripheral Artery Disease – September 27, 2016


 Age, cigarette smoking and diabetes are the most important risk factors for peripheral artery disease. Therefore, pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies should mainly address these aspects and other common age-related factors. Surgical intervention is based on severity, patient’s preferences and procedure risk.   The New England Journal of Medicine has a section called Clinical Practice that…


Graphic Images on Cigarette Packs May Be the Key to Deterring Smoking Amongst Teens – September 27, 2016


 Cigarette packaging containing warnings with graphic images may be more successful at deterring smoking amongst adolescents than words alone.   The push for smokers to quit smoking has gained momentum in recent years. Written and pictorial warnings on cigarette packaging have been one method to discourage smoking. The recent addition of these, sometimes graphic, images…

blood sugar

The Association Between Blood Sugar and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes – September 27, 2016


 A study group from the UK and Ireland analyzed the association between blood sugar levels and pregnancy complications and they were able to identify a linear association that was stronger in the case of fasting glucose.   Gestational diabetes is well known to increase the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes like macrosomia (bigger-than-normal newborn) and…