(1758) German neuroanatomist and physiologist Franz Josef Gall is born. His research focused on the localization of mental functions in the brain.
(1933) English physician, geneticist, and academic David Weatherall is born. His research focuses on thalassemias, inherited blood disorders that can cause the abnormal formation of hemoglobin.
(1960) Dr. Scribner implants a shunt for the first time in a patient, allowing the patient to receive hemodialysis on a regular basis.